IndividualsвЂ™ self-presentations may mirror age variations in motivations for the self along with other. Certainly, the language individuals utilize whenever constructing their self-presentations may convey differences that are such. Prior research shows that across many different contexts, adults utilize more first-person single pronouns, showing a stronger concentrate on the self, whereas older grownups utilize more first-person plural pronouns, showing a concentrate on connections ( Pennebaker & rock; Schwartz et al.).
We additionally examined sex variations in these habits. Elsewhere, Groom and Pennebaker examined online dating sites pages of more youthful grownups and discovered that ladies had been more prone to make use of pronouns (especially first-person single) than had been males. Furthermore, older ladies additionally might be a key in keeping household ties or serving being a вЂњkinkeeperвЂќ ( Brown & DeRycke), and also this may extend with their presentations to prospective dating partners.
Sex, Reproduction, and Wellness
Evolutionary theories posit that sex functions have actually developed, so that both women and men choose for various characteristics whenever choosing somebody ( Buss). Studies utilizing evolutionary concept highlight different mate selection approaches for gents and ladies, showing sex variations in reproduction and parental investment. Consequently, ladies choose lovers with greater status, whereas guys daf profile examples choose lovers who will be more appealing (signaling fertility and greater reproductive ability; Buss; Shackelford, Schmitt, & Buss). Although many studies examining theory that is evolutionary mate selection have now been restricted to adults of reproductive age ( ag e.g., Eastwick & Finkel; Shackelford, et al.), research shows that much like more youthful males, older guys value physical attractiveness and sex in someone a lot more than their feminine counterparts ( Calasanti & Kiecolt; Montenegro).
As an expansion regarding the premise of attractiveness, adultsвЂ™ self-presentations may mention their own health. According to evolutionary concept, older grownups may look for to attract a mate by emphasizing their vitality or health and their capability to help more youthful generations ( Coupland; McWilliams & Barrett). Wellness also is more self-relevant for older adults, since they are more prone to suffer health conditions than more youthful grownups. Older grownups additionally are worried about presenting their participation in workout and activity that is physical in order to not appear frail. Older ladies in specific may appreciate the healthiness of a partner as they are reluctant to just just take from the caregiver part to an ailing partner ( Carr; Dickson, Hughes, & Walker). As a result, older males might be likely to spell it out their own health whenever presenting by themselves to a prospective partner that is romantic.
Work, Reputation, and Achievement
Achievements and status additionally might be themes that are key self-presentations. Through early midlife, individuals give attention to attaining functions required for a effective adult life by pursuing a training, building a profession, searching for wedding, and learning to be a moms and dad ( Cherlin; Furstenberg). As a result, more youthful grownups could be worried about presenting by themselves when it comes to their professions and achievements. Conversely, the effectiveness of success motivations seems to drop as we grow older ( Kanfer & Ackerman), suggesting that older grownups may be less likely to want to provide their achievements.
Self-presentations status that is indicating perhaps perhaps not show age distinctions, nevertheless. Evolutionary concept implies that grownups will likely emphasize attributes indicative of greater mate value. For guys specially, mate value is conceptualized with regards to status, showing an capability to supply for future offspring ( Buss). a studies that are few unearthed that just like more youthful ladies, older ladies stress the income of the desired partner ( Calasanti & Kiecolt; McIntosh, Locker, Briley, Ryan, & Scott). Alterovitz and Mendelsohn utilized content analysis to examine 600 dating pages from individuals aged 20 to significantly more than 75 years. Older ladies emphasized desiring status in a partner, whereas older guys offered more status-related details about on their own. Also, research shows that older women can be especially worried about financial self-reliance; consequently, older guys could be more inclined to handle cash whenever searching for someone so that you can assuage issues pertaining to monetary dependency ( Dickson et al.).